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If you’re a business owner, you might be curious about the optimal way to structure your company. The most common arrangement is to become a sole trader. In this blog post, we’ll look at the upsides of this option, as well as the relevant taxes, accounts, and levies. We’ll also address the question “Do sole traders pay corporation tax?”, and explain the consequences of this type of taxation. Lastly, we’ll present some great resources for solo traders.

What is a Sole Trader?

Starting a business as a single entity is the most straightforward form of company structure, and it’s the go-to choice for entrepreneurs who are just getting going! As a sole trader, you are the proprietor and operator of your business, and you don’t need to register with Companies House or sign up for Value Added Tax (VAT). You are the sole trader and accountable for every aspect of your business, including any earnings or losses. You need to keep records of your income and outgoings and submit them to HM Revenue and Customs each year. Exciting, isn’t it?

Advantages of Being a Sole Trader

Being a sole trader has many great benefits! To start, it’s the easiest and cheapest way to start a business: all you need to do is register with HM Revenue and Customs and you’re off! Additionally, you have complete control over the business – no directors or shareholders are needed. Plus, you get to keep all the profits you make, meaning you can reinvest some back into the business for growth. Last but not least, you can access tons of tax allowances and reliefs, such as Entrepreneurs’ Relief, which can reduce the amount of taxes you pay on up to £10 million in profits!

Sole Trader Tax Rates

As a sole trader, you are subject to the same income tax rates as other individuals. This implies that you will be taxed at the same rate as the rest of the taxpayers. Your business profits must be calculated by subtracting the expenses from the total income; this will be used to determine the income tax rate for you.

For this 2021/2022 tax year, the income tax rates for sole traders are as follows: up to £12,569 at 0%, from £12,570 to £50,000 to 20%, from £50,270 to £150,000 to 40%, and over £150,000 to 45%. You may also have to pay National Insurance Contributions if your profits exceed a certain amount; this is usually a percentage of the profits.

Sole Trader Accounts

If you are a sole trader, it is essential to be precise with tracking your earnings and outgoings. Keeping this information organised will help you to accurately determine your gains and losses and make sure you pay the right amount of taxes.

You should store all the documents that are related to your business, such as invoices, vouchers, bank statements, and other financial records. It is recommended to keep these materials for a minimum of six years after the tax year they are associated with.

It is also necessary to generate a yearly accounts report, depending on the amount of profits you generate. This report must incorporate a profit and loss statement and a balance sheet.

Sole Trader Accounting

As a self-employed individual, being aware of the basics of accounting is a must. This will help you to record your income and outgoings properly, come up with financial documents, and determine your earnings and losses.

Utilising accounting software, for instance, QuickBooks or Xero, can be beneficial for keeping track of your money. This software can assist you in producing financial reports and making sure you are compliant with the regulations.

You may also find it necessary to hire an accountant to provide you with guidance and support with tax planning and make sure you are paying the necessary amount of tax.

Sole Trader Taxes

As a sole trader, your profits will require you to pay income tax. National Insurance Contributions and VAT may also have to be paid depending on your earnings. It’s wise to allocate money each month to cover your taxes so that you have it when it’s due. The HM Revenue and Customs online calculator will give you an idea of how much tax you’ll owe. Make sure you stay informed of any tax rate modifications and deadlines to avoid any surprises.

Does a Sole Trader Pay Corporation Tax?

Absolutely not! Sole traders do not need to worry about paying corporation tax since they are not incorporated businesses. Companies House only requires companies to pay corporation tax – not sole traders however, you may still have to pay income tax and National Insurance Contributions

Resources For Sole Traders

For those who are self-employed, there are lots of useful assets available. HMRC has an array of details and instructions for sole traders, from registration to calculating taxes and filing tax returns. Plus, the government website has guidance on how to establish a business, manage finances, and learn about the various taxes and exemptions open to sole traders. In addition, there are lots of accounting companies and business advisors who can give advice and aid in setting up and operating the business.


To sum up, being a sole trader is an awesome way to begin your own venture. It is the simplest and most economical method to establish a business and you can benefit from various tax deductions and concessions. You will also have full control of your business and can keep all your profits.

Nevertheless, you should make sure to comprehend the diverse tax rates and deadlines and keep accurate records of your revenue and expenditure. It is also possible that you may need to hire an accountant to aid you with your accounting and tax planning.

We trust this article has provided you with a more profound comprehension of the advantages of being a sole trader and the various tax rates, accounts, and taxes connected to it. If you need any more information or guidance, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

As the owner and founder of the business, I am responsible for overseeing a range of key activities. These include managing client relationships, spearheading new business development, and crafting the company's development and strategic plans.

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